It is called the "Beautiful Izmir" or the "Pearl of the Aegean". Izmir is Turkey's third major city and the second most important harbour. It is a city of palm lined walkway; boulevard and green parks placed in wide curves all along a round bay. Izmir also has a remarkably serene weather as well as several excellent hotels.
The city is a very busy business and manufacturing centre and on top of that, it is the gateway to the Aegean Region. Turkey's Aegean shorelines are one of the loveliest sceneries in the region. The outstanding shore which is lapped by the waters of the Aegean Sea, flourish vastly and the perfect beaches are encircled by pinewoods, olive groves, and rocky crags. Strewed with admired holiday villages, the remnants of prehistoric nation, and delightful fishing ports, this region presents an extremely beautiful place for conferences, inducement and meetings. Izmir is also an excellent initial point in discovering the many sights of the region. Of course, the city itself is worth visiting. Konak Street and Konak Square are the best points on starting your visit in Izmir. In Konak, the famous clock tower is the symbol of the city as well as the Asansor; the elevator used to transport goods from the harbour to the Halil Rifat quarter.
Once you are in the area, be sure to visit Çesme, Seferihisar and Urla, which have lots of historical places nearby. The best scenery in Izmir is watching the sun at the top of the Kadifekale East of the city, at a height of 250m overlooking the Aegean Sea.
Izmir, Smyrna during the ancient times was found during the 10th century B.C. The early inhabitants of the country were Lydians and Phrygians. The time in where the city reached its peak was between 650-545 B.C. The fall of Ancient İzmir was the result of the Persian attack. During the 4th century B.C, Alexander the Great conquered the Persian Darius and confined the whole East. After becoming a part of the Roman Empire during 133 B.C., İzmir began to live in the golden era for another time. Because of the importance the city had accomplished, The Roman Emperors who came to Anatolia also came to visit Izmir. Emperor Hadrianus included İzmir in his journey during 121-125 AD. Izmir later became a region of the East Roman which was known as Byzantium after its separation from the Roman Empire. İzmir later haded turn out to be a religious centre since the early times of the Byzantines.
Izmir turned into a Turkish territory during 1320. While in 1422 İzmir became an Ottoman region. During 18th and 19th centuries, İzmir became well known between the Dutch, French, Italian and English merchants. Being an international trade centre in the Ottoman Empire, İzmir was occupied by the Greek Army on 15 May 1919. On September 13, 3 of İzmir was almost ruined by a fire. Izmir has recovered itself soon and later became the cultural and economic centre of the Aegean Region. The city and its area offers many promises for its travellers. Some travellers use Izmir as a base to visit such regional tourist attractions as prehistoric Efesus, Pamukkale, Bergema.